What do digital technologies and grammar have in common?

Today’s exponential rate of technological change no longer affects our economy and society in a linear manner, digital technologies are now more pervasive and inter-connected. We struggle to keep up with the limitless array of technologies and how best to use them. There don’t seem to be any limits and “even if our devices are switched off, cognitive capacity is significantly reduced when our smartphone is within reach” – Ward et al. (2017) Brain Drain: The Mere Presence of One’s Own Smartphone Reduces Available Cognitive Capacity.

James Hewitt, Head of Science & Innovation at Hintsa Performance has suggested that we need to impose limits to our use of technology, a bit like grammar, structure and punctuation impose limits on our use of language and thereby allowing language to maximise its creativity and usefulness. He argues that unless we choose to create limits on our use of technology “our attention will continue to be harvested to the point of exhaustion.”

As translators, we are constantly keeping up with technology – changes in software, the advances of neural machine translation, artificial intelligence, constant emails and more. Thinking about applying “grammar” rules to limit our use digital technologies resonated with me as a language professional as this framework may be a helpful way of thinking for professional translators as they seek to understand and adapt to technology in a manner that supports their work flows and productivity.

Read more

How to focus on the sparkle of success

Women in Business Lunch with Dr Sally Cockburn

Having moved house recently, I had not yet been to any events organised by my new local council until I had the opportunity to attend a business lunch for women last Friday. As a translator who mostly works from home, these kinds of networking and business events are important for you and your business. They allow you to combat the loneliness of working as a freelancer and you may just even make some great local friends through going to networking events. Think about it – these are people who more than likely also work from home, run their own business and understand the same pressures and challenges you face. You probably share a lot of interests. And it’s only for a couple of hours!

The guest speaker at this event was Dr Sally Cockburn. Sally is a GP and health advocate with a twist. She is known as “Dr Feelgood”, capable of demystifying medicine, the human body and relationships. She asked us what success meant to us and went on to present on how to be successful and still have a life in her candid, informative, funny and knowledgeable style. She emphasised that women often look after everyone else before themselves, and that risking your health is not a good way to be able to ensure that you can enjoy your future.

“You don’t stop laughing when you grow old, you grow old when you stop laughing.”

From a medical perspective and drawing on her own experience as a GP yet ignoring her symptoms of diabetes, she encouraged women to get their check-ups, breast screens and for those over 50 their bowel cancer screening and reminded us that 1 in 5 Australians will experience depression in their adult life. You need your health. From a mindset perspective she compared women to a plate juggling act, urging us to rationalise our plates, to take a step back and decide what is really important. She told the story of her friend who has a family ritual of eating dinner together and talking about the “sparkle in your day” – one thing that made you feel good. It may have been a small gesture by someone else or a major achievement at work, or just being with your family and listening to what is important to them. The point is to think about how you felt not how much you did. In the words of Tigger, our life is about resilience in the face of stress and change,

“Life is not about how fast you run or how high you climb but how well you bounce.”


Business resilience

How will artificial intelligence impact translation?

At the 21st International Federation of Translators World Congress in Brisbane from 3-5 August 2017 there was a lot of talk about neural machine translation and artificial intelligence (AI) and what kind of threat this presented to translators and interpreters. Overall, the message that came through was to embrace technology to improve productivity and accuracy and to rest assured that more data won’t necessarily deal with the complexity of communication and layers of language such as syntax, semantics and pragmatics.

What is all this talk about AI?

Good question. Artificial intelligence (AI) is the theory and development of computer systems able to perform tasks normally requiring human intelligence, such as visual perception, speech recognition, decision-making, and translation between languages. A couple of words of AI jargon that you’ll probably start hearing more frequently…

AI complete: the most difficult problems are informally known as AI-complete or AI-hard, implying that the difficulty of these computational problems is equivalent to that of solving the central artificial intelligence problem—making computers as intelligent as people, or strong.

Singularity: the hypothesis that the invention of artificial superintelligence will abruptly trigger runaway technological growth.

So translation is still currently considered AI complete.

If you are interested in the impact of AI on all professions in general (especially legal and medical) I recommend the AI Race produced by the ABC.

What about advances in technology?

It is true that despite the technological advances and more contextually sensitive machine translation machine translation still produces unacceptably poor quality content, especially companies and brands that set a very high bar for their content and brand voice. The continuing improvements to machine translation will however have an impact of the role of humans in the translation process.

We need to emphasise the work of the human brain or as it can also be referred to, wetware (human brain cells or thought processes regarded as analogous to, or in contrast with, computer systems). Wetware is the source of contextual understanding, flow and style that a machine cannot produce to the same extent. It is capable of the creativity, understanding, and personality that make for truly effective translation, localisation or transcreation.

Also, don’t forget that there are still languages that google translate doesn’t understand and if you want to be assured that there is significant disparity between hype and reality, just take a look at the nonsensical results of Google Translate Sings (e.g schweizer-apotheke.de. “Hello” by Adele),

Artificial intelligence and translation

Challenging change

Embrace change as a challenge not a threat and protect your stress levels and your health.

The end of the financial year is upon us once again and when you look back you can probably identify some things that have stayed the same since last year but also many changes. You have probably experienced more change than you think, from software upgrades on your computer or phone, to working with new clients or even changing business models. Change is the only constant in our world so we also need to manage it in a positive way. In terms of translation, from both a client and translator perspective, translation needs are also constantly changing. A business report may need to be translated for shareholders in another country with an emphasis on accuracy whereas a PowerPoint presentation may need to be adapted and localised to train staff in another country with different cultural norms, or perhaps a complete translation of another document is not necessary when it is just the gist of what the content is that is required. All these kinds of things keep translators on their toes and having to ask the right questions of clients.

Read more

5 ways translators can be adaptable and agile in the modern working world

What does the future hold for translators?

Tom Goodwin, Head of Innovation, Zenith Media writes in his article “Forget coding, we need to teach our kids how to dream” that if we foster creativity, fuel curiosity and help people relate via relationships and empathy, then we empower kids to be totally self-reliant. They will be agile, adaptable to change in a world that we can’t yet foresee. He talks about a future that is not about what we remove, but what to refocus on and on developing 5 key attributes to become robust, happy and balanced people. In a world of change, technological disruption and abundant information, we as translators can take inspiration from these suggested attributes and take comfort in the fact that many of them are already innate qualities of professional translators.

Read more

4 tips for effective marketing translations

Are you thinking of expanding internationally or entering a new market? One of the first things you are likely to do is to have your marketing materials translated. So how do you get your message and call to action across effectively in a different language?

  1. Choose a translator specialised in marketing

Take the time to find a translator who is experienced in marketing and who understands your business apotekerendk.com. Think about it. You wouldn’t want a financial translator translating your highly creative marketing copy, you can give them a call to translate your annual report but not your website or brochure. Translating marketing documents requires creativity, cultural competency and an ability to convey ideas whilst at the same time retaining meaning and eliciting a desired emotional response.

  1. Make sure your company name and tagline are appropriate

Your company name, slogan, logo or tagline all feature prominently on your website and marketing materials. I’m sure you’re familiar with some of the more well-known marketing translation fails such as ‘Come alive with Pepsi’ which was rendered in Chinese as ‘Pepsi brings your ancestors back from the dead’. Beware: a brand name or slogan doesn’t always translate well into other languages and cultures. Getting it right the first time around avoids costly corrective action and damaging your reputation.

  1. Provide style guides and glossaries for your marketing materials

Recurring words or phrases are important to your company’s identity and were originally created to make your marketing content memorable and compelling. It’s therefore important to communicate these to help your translator keep these same qualities and style for materials in another language. Your goal should be to maintain brand coherence as much as possible within any cultural limitations.

  1. Educate translators about your brand

The more informed translators are about your brand, the more accurate and effective their work will be. The translator’s role as a linguist is to take on board your brand voice and personality. They do this in order to convey these to your target audience in such a way that the message really speaks to them personally. It’s important for you to be able to present your company’s unique value to your desired target audience through culturally relevant communication.

In summary, when you are looking to translate your marketing materials for a new market, it’s important to choose a specialised translator, check the cultural relevance of your brand name and tagline, provide or develop a style guide and educate translators about your brand. Putting these recommendations in place will go a long way to ensuring that your translated marketing content retains its original compelling message and stand-out qualities.

Effective marketing translation tips

3 reasons why you should translate your website

If your product or service is only promoted in one language on your website, non-native speakers of that language may have difficulty understanding it fully. The nuanced features and benefits of your product or service may go unnoticed, resulting in reduced engagement with your brand. For many companies, time and budget limitations can be obstacles to not getting a website translated. Too many companies rely on English being the so-called “language of business”. Don’t forget that SEO can only work in another market if your content is translated.

Can’t read, won’t buy

According to  Common Sense Advisory, 72% of consumers spend most of their time online on websites in their own language. Even though many people around the world understand English to some extent, it is estimated that half of these do not have a good enough command of English to successfully navigate a website. 55% of respondents only buy from websites where information is presented in their own language. As a result there is a reduction in browsing rates for English sites, non-consideration of a product or service and a limited desire to buy. Put simply, people prefer to purchase from a site that is in their native language.

Read more

What makes Australian English and American English different?

So you’re going global and need a translation into English but you have to choose between Australian or British and American English. This will of course be dependent on your audience and where you are selling your product or service. I’m going to focus here on Australian English as I live in Australia! Let’s have a look at the main linguistic differences between the two.

The 4 main differences are:

  • Spelling
  • Dates and times
  • Vocabulary
  • Punctuation

Read more

Purpose in Practice: what do you want to do with your translation?

What is translation purpose? Most common definitions would agree that the purpose of translation is to “convey the original tone and intent of a message, taking into account cultural and regional differences between source and target languages” (Globalization and Localization Association), but how does this reflect the relationship between translator and client in practice?

“Skopos” is a Greek word for “aim” or “purpose” that was introduced into translation theory in the 1970s by Hans Vermeer. This went on to become the technical term for translation purpose and the act of translating for that purpose. It refers to the understanding that each text is produced for a given purpose and as such should be translated in a way that enables it to function in the situation in which it is used, with the people who want to use and in the way they intend it to function. Translators create texts for clients who may be around the corner, in the same city or on the other side of the world, but these clients are not always good at communicating with translators in terms of explaining what they want or need when asking for a translation (sometimes they don’t actually know themselves!).

So in terms of translation purpose, the most important and basic question it seems is: what is it that you want to do with your translation? The second most important aspect to consider is how will a translator help you achieve your purpose?

Read more

5 ways translators can take time out (and why it’s important)

Translators need to take time out!

Translators can easily fall into the trap of sitting at the computer for ten hours a day or more! This is detrimental to our health and well-being. Putting in place habits to make time for yourself will allow you to experience greater gratitude, happiness and meaningful interactions in both your professional and personal life.

Here are five ways that translators can take time out to look after themselves.

Read more

Why celebrate International Translation Day?

International Translation Day

Connecting Worlds

International Translation Day 2016 is just around the corner! This special day for translators is celebrated every year on 30 September on the feast of St. Jerome, the Bible translator who is considered to be the patron saint of translators. I believe we have reason to celebrate: think of all the places, books and movies we access thanks to translation. Our lives would be much less interesting without translation!

The role of translators and interpreters in connecting worlds is to open up the whole world to all of us”.

Read more

Interpreters and culture: a close knit relationship

As any language professional knows, language is inextricably linked to culture. An interpreter needs to have knowledge and understanding of both to communicate across cultures acheter levitra générique. This includes knowledge of norms and idioms that can often be deeply culturally bound. For example if an Australian says, “no worries, it’s a piece of cake”, they are not offering to make you a cake, they are actually saying that something is easy. Or if someone says you are “on the ball”, they don’t mean literally, they mean that you are energetic, organised, attentive and knowledgeable. How would you render that in another language? One of the greatest challenges for interpreters is conveying terms and expressions that are so culturally bound that they don’t exist in the other language. It is in such cases that

“interpreters do far more than bridge language gaps. They enable people from extremely different cultures to understand each other” (Found in Translation p.20).

So how do interpreters navigate culture and cultural differences? Read more

Vocabulary in French English translation

Terminology research – FranceTerme

As a translator there are many ways to research and improve translation vocabulary. The internet is a valuable tool, however you need to know where to look. I recently discovered another source of new vocabulary for those wanting to express themselves in “proper French” without using any kind of improper “Franglais” or an English calque of a particular word. The different vocabularies together words and phrases recommended by the General Commission of Terminology and Neology are regularly published in the Official Journal of the French Republic in the context of the program for the enrichment of the French language.

The commission’s objective is to enrich the French language to facilitate understanding of concepts sometimes poorly understood by the public and recommend contexts for their use.

All vocabulary published in the Official Journal terms can be found on the site FranceTerme: http://www.culture.fr/Ressources/FranceTerme/Librairie

Why is it useful?

Read more

Tips on choosing translators for a new market

Translators and translation are key if you are exporting or importing to a new market. Maybe your business has a great product and you have identified a niche in a new foreign market. You may have invested in setting up a website in English and spent a great amount of time and money developing it with web design experts and copywriters. Now after all this effort, you will need to adapt your website and translate it for a new market. You may also need to translate instructions or other content for your target market.

Professional translators

Where do you start?

One option is to hire a translator directly as most translators work as freelance contractors. The other option is to hire a translation agency which acts as an intermediary, so you won’t be in direct contact with the translator. The second option is preferable for most projects as you will save time and money and a great translator who partners with your business can add real value and help you meet your goals.  Most translators in Australia are accredited by the National Accreditation Authority for Translators and Interpreters (NAATI). This guarantees a certain level of professionalism in a language pair. It is however difficult to know who will be your perfect translation partner.

Here are a few tips:

Read more

Book review: Found in Translation

Found in Translation: How Translation Shapes Our Lives and Transforms the World by Nataly Kelly and Jost Zetzsche

A book dedicated to translators, gasp! Is this book here to publicly recognise that it is because of us the world communicates? It would seem so. Jost Zetzche, a German translator who has written a doctorate on translation in history and Nataly Kelly, a Spanish interpreter and scholar in sociolinguistics, paint a vivid canvas of just how many aspects of everyday life are profoundly affected by translation. Well researched and presented, Found in Translation reveals the extent to which the products we use and the freedoms and pleasures we enjoy are made possible by translation. Above and beyond world politics and global business, the book is divided into chapters that cover areas as diverse as space travel, legal cases, battlefields, fashion, medicine, terrorism, marketing, the European Union, Ikea, Dr Seuss, the Simpsons, Twitter, Shakespeare, cinema, sport, religion, love, porn, the airline industry, food and more. Each chapter is interspersed with highlighted text boxes that provide examples of funny diplomatic and marketing mistranslations, linguistic facts or quirky stories such as being able to access the ATM in Latin at the Vatican. Read more